Fungiculture is the cultivation of mushrooms and other fungi. Cultivating fungi can yield food, medicine, construction materials and other products. A mushroom farm is in the business of growing fungi. Mushrooms are the fruiting frame of a fungus, simply as apples are the fruiting bodies of an apple tree. A mushroom is a sort of fungus that has the Latin name Agaricus bisporus. Mushrooms belonging to fungi species is a nutritious vegetarian delicacy and a good source of high-quality protein (20-35 per cent dry weight). Presently 3 varieties of mushroom are cultivated namely, white mushroom (Agaricus bisporus), the paddy-straw mushroom (Volvariella volvacea) and oyster mushroom (Pleurotus sajor-caju).
In the vegetable kingdom, mushrooms are ranked with heterotrophic organisms (lower plants). Unlike high, green plants, these heterotrophs aren’t able to photosynthesis. Fungi are the scavengers of nature. In mushroom cultivation, waste merchandise consisting of chicken manure, horse manure, straw, gypsum and wastewater (from their very own compost) are used to provide the high high-satisfactory substrate from which mushrooms will grow. The ammonia is eliminated from the process air through an ammonia washer before it is returned to nature. Even ammonia from the air is used as a source of nitrogen in composting.